Wednesday, October 6, 2010

more about History of Kendari

Kendari Bay used to be called by the Dutch East Indies "Vosmaer Baai". Far back in time has not yet found Kendari Bay by Vosmaer, Kendari Regional formerly part of the Kingdom government Konawe located in the inland of capital Unaaha. Which have now become autonomous district (Konawe) since 1995.

Kendari city, formerly named Kandai. Taken from the name of the bolt tool or boat from bamboo (mostly) along the three fathoms. There are also some people who call Kantahi. This means that the coastal region.
Somehow the story so people call it Kendari. Maybe a lot of language assimilation name Kendari who later became the Dutch East Indies government choice for naming this area.

Konawe Kingdom government structure arranged by the system "Siwole Mbatohu, O Pitudula Batu", mean roughly the distribution of the four regions of central government support. becomes:
  1. Tambo I Lososano oleo. East Gate, coordinated at Ranomeeto
  2. Tambo I Tepuliano oleo. West gate, coordinated at Latoma
  3. Bharata I Hana (Right Bintara) coordinated at Tonga Una
  4. Bharata I Moeri (Left Bintara) coordinated at Asaki / Lambuya
Kendari city built after the center of the Kingdom Konawe experienced periods of decline in the late 19th century, after a vacuum of power after the death of the king "Lakidende".

Royal Council did not reach to agree on who proper to replacement Lakidende. Each faction has a strong candidate and reluctant allies. After hearing board members was held, it was decided that Saranani as an officer Sulemandara will rise to replace Lakidende.

The leader of the eastern gate (Tambo I Lososano oleo) Ranomeeto authorities do not accept this decision and rebel, launched a protest over the appointment of Sulemandara as successor King Lakidende.

The cleavage are exploited by the Dutch colonial to "get on good side" elite and nobility of Ranomeeto for separate themselves from the kingdom of Konawe.

Thus was born the Kingdom of Laiwoi under leadership La Magu as King complete with his cabinet. Batuangan sworn in as Sapati, Malaka was sworn in as Capita and  La Palewo as a courtier.

Considering the geographic location of Ranomeeto is not strategic, then the capital of the kingdom Laiwoi moved to coastal areas of the bay. in 1832, Tebau King's Palace was built on the Vosmaer hill.

With the transfer of the capital of this kingdom, Kendari bay area into a bustling residential center. Moreover, previously in 1824  Bajo people from Bone bay (East Sulawesi) have massive migrated to the Kendari bay after being expelled by the Kompeni. Plus the migration flow in 1861 by 300 people followers of La Ode Ngkada (Kapitalau Lohiya) are cranky with King Muna, La Ode Bulai, this village  known as "Gunung Jati".

Netherlands Indies government enact Jan Nicholas Vosmaer the previous stray into this bay  as a resident assistant with decree no. 16 dated January 12, 1835. Previously, in 1832, Vosmaer has received permission from the Dutch East Indies government in order to oversee the Gulf of pirates disorder (Tobelo).

Intermezo: Tobelo has a his own history. They are the pirates who roam waters of Southeast Sulawesi. Catch anyone they find in the sea, then took him to Labuan Tobelo for cutoff their head (that horrible hobby).
Relations Laiwoi Kingdom and the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies increasingly intimate with signature a Long Contract by 27 clause on April 13, 1858.

In the same year (1858) La Magu died and was replaced with Saosao. But connect the age of minors, King Saosao newly inaugurated in 1880.

On December 21, 1885, aboard the Borneo which was anchored outside the Gulf of Kendari, Saosao represent Kingdom of Laiwoi with Resident Bensbach representing the Dutch East Indies. Agree to sign a second agreement which contains 18 chapters. One is, the Kingdom Laiwoi admitted legally and enter into the Netherlands East Indies.

In November 1910 to July 1913 the Dutch East Indies government put Lt. IF Trefers as commander of the military post to run a civil administration in Onderafdeeling Kendari.

After losing sovereignty Laiwoi via Korte Verkaliring on August 30, 1917. The Saosao king died (you can find his cemetery at Lepo-lepo, Kendari) and Tekaka crowned as his successor on the date of 9 November 1933 at the same time manage relationship of Laiwoi landschap with Gubernemen HB by setting Afdeeling Boeton en Laiwoi formation covers three areas onderafdeeling namely  Buton, Muna and Kendari.

This area became crowded, after previously in 1920 the Chinese and Arabs build shopping complex. Kendari Bay developed into a center of colonial power. By building Loji, barracks, the king's palace, government facilities, office, home office and a church on the hill and the natural harbor facilities in the Gulf of Kendari.

Urban infrastructure such as markets began to be built. Beaches in the reclaimed coastal area bay, headland cliffs eastern backfilled by the physical expansion of the city. Community of Bajo who began feel uncomfortable and spread to various regions.

When the road that connects Kendari with the hinterland was opened (Kendari-Wawotobi) in 1912, The villages along the Gulf has been a concentration of settlements. The expansion towards the north coast such as Sodoha, Benu-Benua, Tipulu, Kapontori , and Lahudape evolved into part of city expansion. Lane road that opened toward the west along the edge of coast increasing the population density of gulf region.

translate form : group Facebook Keluarga Besar Tolaki Konawe Mekongga
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